Dec 22nd are well known as Mothers Day in Indonesia. For some of us, we might know the history behind Mothers Day, but some of us might not. We did it just because of the tradition. Oke. lets take a step back and come to Dec 22nd, 1928. In the revolution era, some women organisation are gather in Jogyakarta to take part in revolution. They held the 1st Indonesian Women Congress in Mandala Bhakti Wanitatama building at Jogyakarta. Women from all over the organization from Java and Sumatra try to make a difference in our history. Actually, we already have women as our heroes such as Tjut Nyak Dhien, Kartini, Christina M Tiahahu and other special women. They move in every aspect, in education area, or even in war against the colonialism, but those struggle are still based on individual minded, and not based on the organization. But since youth congress are held, Indonesian people realized that organization (in term of woman organization) also can make more impact rather than a single fight.
After the 1st congress, Indonesian women make some move that change Indonesian face. They talked about the unity of indonesian women, how to fight for Indonesian independence, child and woman trafficking (wow… they already concern about that), about child nutrition, early marriage for women etc. So, the revolutionary action are getting more obvious and have a clear path. They are now taking action in so many area, in politic, education, health care and any other part.
Hhmmm… based on the introduction, its sounds like Womans Day for me. Is it correct? Lets find out …
What is the definition and history or mothers day and Woman Day
According to Wikipedia, Mother’s Day is a celebration honoring mothers and motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world, most commonly in March or May. It complements Father’s Day, a similar celebration honoring fathers.
Mothers Day were first celebrate in USA when Anna Jarvis held a memorial for her mother in Grafton, West Virginia on 1908. Then, she began a campaign to make “Mother’s Day” a recognized holiday in the United States. Finally, in 1914, America started to make a special day name “Mothers Day”. Jarvis’ holiday was adopted by other countries and it is now celebrated all over the world (though not all the nation celebrate it on the same date).
International Women’s Day is celebrated in many countries around the world. It is a day when women are recognized for their achievements without regard to divisions, whether national, ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic or political. It is an occasion for looking back on past struggles and accomplishments, and more importantly, for looking ahead to the untapped potential and opportunities that await future generations of women. International Women Day, is marked on March 8 every year
History of International Women Day
International Women’s Day first emerged from the activities of labour movements at the turn of the twentieth century in North America and across Europe.
1909: The first National Woman’s Day was observed in the United States on 28 February. The Socialist Party of America designated this day in honour of the 1908 garment workers’ strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
1910: The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women’s Day, international in character, to honour the movement for women’s rights and to build support for achieving universal suffrage for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, which included the first three women elected to the Finnish Parliament. No fixed date was selected for the observance.
1911: As a result of the Copenhagen initiative, International Women’s Day was marked for the first time (19 March) in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one million women and men attended rallies. In addition to the right to vote and to hold public office, they demanded women’s rights to work, to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job.
Not only that, International Women Day was also became a mechanism for protesting World War I. As part of the peace movement, Russian women observed their first International Women’s Day on the last Sunday in February. Elsewhere in Europe, on or around 8 March of the following year, women held rallies either to protest the war or to express solidarity with other activists in 1913-1914.
So…. It is Mothers Day or Woman Day?
My question is…. Is it correct to say that 22nd Desember as Mothers Day?
Name of Mothers Day actually were first publish on the 3rd Indonesian Woman congress on July 1938 and declared by Sukarno as the first Presiden on Dec 15th 1959. If we see Indonesian culture at that time (early 1900), women are still closely related by her role as a mother. Kartini had put gender as big issue trough her letter (she died in 1904). Since that, Indonesian women realize they can do more than become a stay at home mom- without doing nothing in wider area- but in the same time, still realize her part as a women and a mother. On the other hand, based on the history, International Woman Day appointing the equality for a women to do same thing as men did like voting, working etc.
Honestly, nowdays I saw Mothers Day celebration so different with the true spirit of Mothers Day. Kemsos.go.id on 22nd Dec 2008, wrote a note about Mothers Day by saying “Mothers day are narrowed by the commersialisation from company and media”. Mothers Day are now be seen as motherhood things such as nurturing and worshiping motherhood like in America and most of the countries all over the world. Nowdays I feel that our Mothers Day were lose the essence of struggling and become more known as a gifting day for mom and its likely for individual celebration, not a woman participation.
Many feminist also had different opinion about Mothers Day celebration in Indonesia and refuge the narrow meaning. Based on its history, its not merely talked about how to be a great mom, about make up contest, using kebaya for woman or even held a cooking contest for moms, but how to struggle and had equal position in revolutionary era (word by Yeni Roslaini Izi as the Exsecutive director of Woman Crisis Sumatra Express (23 December 2013)
After reading this, now I ask you, what do you think about Indonesian mothers Day Celebration?
*this article are just one piece of understanding. I’m sure people out there are having opinion about mothers day n can make a wide discussion about this topic.
Sumatra Express (23 December 2013)